The Abstracts of Vol.1,2023

Releasing Time:01.17.2023Source:亚非发展研究所英文

The Strategic Game of Great Powers and the New Trend of the International Situation

Zhang Yunling, Zhu Feng and Yang Bojiang

The onceinacentury pandemic and traditional security risks are intertwined. The global governance system and the international pattern are accelerating their adjustment. The factors that affect the balance of power among countries, the transformation of competitive advantages and the adjustment of the international order are more complex and diverse. Historical transformation and adjustment have become a new trend in the international strategic pattern. The crisis in Ukraine and the United States strategy of “competition, conflict and cooperation” with China have brought the confrontation between major powers back to world politics. The evolution of the international pattern has made regional conflicts possible in the Asia Pacific region, and the regional security situation is facing a new round of changes. This not only brings major challenges to Chinas new journey toward the Second Centenary Goal, but also provides opportunities for China to lead the world with prosperity and stability. We should deeply understand and grasp the evolution rules and development trends of the international pattern, actively promote regional cooperation and order building, promote Chinas highquality development and highstandard opening up, and inject valuable confidence and strength into a troubled world.

Keywords: international situation; Great Power Game; Sino-US strategic game; regional cooperation; regional governance; globalization


The NATOization of the IndoPacific Region: EssencePerformances and Impacts

Yue Shengsong

Since the implementation of the USs IndoPacific Strategy, the academia has increasingly focused on the tendency of the NATOization of the IndoPacific Region. Previous literature in this regard has put much emphasis on explaining the cause of such tendency in the background of the Ukraine Crisis, while ignoring the underlying policy consistency of it to a large extent. This essay argues that, to fully interpret the origination of the NATOization of the IndoPacific Region, it is necessary to further explore into the evolution of US security policy in a broader context. Besides, there are at least three key aspects that has to be taken into consideration, if we are to better understand the essence of such tendency, namely, the USs proNATO security outlook on the IndoPacific region; the pathdependency of USs policymaking in terms of maintaining relations with countries within the IndoPacific regions, as well as the stereotype that the US uphold while interfering into regional affairs of the IndoPacific. From the perspective of China, the indepth discussion of the essence, performances and impacts of the NATOization of the IndoPacific Region can be beneficial for decisionmakers to figure out solutions to deal with possible uncertainties in the future evolution of the regional order, and the negative impacts brought by the ongoing ChinaUS strategic competition.

Keywordsthe NATOization of the IndoPacific region; IndoPacific strategy; ChinaUS strategic competition; USs China policy; ChinaUS relations



A Step to Victory: Main Divergences of and Prospects for Intergovernmental Negotiations on Marine Biological Diversity of Areas beyond National Jurisdiction

Shi Yubing

The intergovernmental negotiations on marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) have entered a vital stage. During the fifth intergovernmental conference that concluded in August 2022, delegations started to compromise on certain issues and new characteristics appeared. Although divergent views from different delegations remained, many delegations stated that their positions are flexible indicating that the real divergence is decreasing. The key divergences that concern Chinas national interest and might relate to whether next negotiation could reach a deal include four issues. They are monetary benefit sharing of marine generic resources, identification of areabased management tools and disputed maritime areas, decision making mechanisms, and dispute settlement procedures. From the perspective of China, the existing provisions under BBNJ draft agreements cannot satisfy Chinas national interest, and it is challenging for China to change this disadvantageous situation in the forthcoming negotiation.

Keywords: BBNJintergovernmental negotiationsABNJmarine biological diversitymonetary benefit sharingdisputed maritime areas


Jurisprudential Basis and Improvement of Cooperative Governance of Marine Waste Disposal in Northeast Asia

Shi Chunlin

The disposal of marine wastes in Northeast Asia is characterized by complexity, universality and crossborder, so it is necessary to strengthen regional cooperation and governance. The existing international conventions on marine waste disposal and relevant bilateral and multilateral agreements, plans and other relevant cooperation provisions in the Northeast Asia region provide a certain legal basis for the cooperative governance of marine waste disposal in Northeast Asia. However, due to the lack of special agreements on the cooperative governance of marine waste disposal in Northeast Asia, which are only covered in relevant provisions, and the differences in the domestic law authorization of countries in the region, there are certain defects in relevant legislation and cooperation mechanisms, which affect the development and effectiveness of relevant cooperation. In this regard, the relevant countries in Northeast Asia should work with the international community to improve the international legal system on marine waste disposal, so as to better provide effective institutional supply for the cooperative governance of marine waste disposal in the region. In this process, China should actively participate in the construction of laws and regulations on the cooperative governance of marine waste disposal in Northeast Asia, and contribute to the Chinese plan for maintaining the good order of marine waste disposal in Northeast Asia.

Keywordsmarine waste disposalnortheast asiacooperative governancejurisprudential basisinternational law of the sea


Situations of the South China Sea under the Sino US Game: AlliancePartnership Network, Security Order and Legal StruggleA Summary of the 2022 “South China Sea Forum”

He Xianqing

The current maritime issues increasingly show profound strategic significance, with competition among major powers dominating the evolution of maritime security, and the South China Sea(SCS) has become an important field for the United States to contain China. In order to “accelerate the construction of a maritime power” and “protect maritime rights and interests”, proposed by General Secretary Xi Jinping in the report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, participating experts had indepth discussions on topics such as “the situation in the SCS in 2022”“the impact of the ‘Minilateral’ mechanisms to SCS”,“the construction of maritime security order in the SCS”, and “the historical experience and lessons of the sea power competition among major powers” at the 2022 “South China Sea Forum” hosted by the Collaborative Innovation Center for South China Sea Studies at Nanjing University. The “South China Sea Forum” aims to provide a highquality researchdialogue and exchange platform for relevant sea related hotspot issuesand actively promote the development of research in the SCS. This meeting has important theoretical and practical significance.

Keywords: South China Sea Forum;situations of the South China Sea; SinoUS Game;sea power competition among major powers;peripheral security


South China Sea Research and Policy Impact Assessment of US Think Tanks—Taking the Center for Strategic and International Studies as an example

Pang Weidong

The Center for Strategic and International Studies which has long focused on the South China Sea(SCS) issue, produces a large number of researches and has exerted a certain influence on the US policy of SCS. Based on the analysis of CSISs four kinds of publications on SCS from 2009 to 2022, it can be found that the researches of CSIS focus on the interpretation of Chinas SCS policy, the analysis of  SCS disputes, the discussion of the SCS issues under the triangular relations between the United States, China and ASEAN, and the provision of opinions and suggestions for the US SCS policy. Its researches with strong foresight and predictability as well as obviously contradiction, show the characteristics of both micro and macro, ideological and objective coexistence. The reason why CSIS can produce highquality research is due to its institutional design in terms of research independence, personnel mobility, research methods and public participation. These measures have certain reference significance for Chinese think tanks of international affairs.

Keywords: US think tank;The Center for Strategic and International Studies;CSIS; International Strategic Center;South China Sea policy


A Study on Achievements of the China ASEAN Community of Shared Future and the Cognitive Biases of ASEAN Political Elites

Lu Guangji

The year 2023 marks the 10th anniversary of the ChinaASEAN community of shared future. This initiative has achieved a number of results at the regional level, subregional level and bilateral level, and it has been actively recognized by ASEAN and its members, and became a behavioral guide to friendly cooperation between the two sides. At the same time, some ASEAN countries political elites have cognitive biases on the “China ASEAN community of shared future” and adopt vague or selective response to the initiative, which affects the comprehensive and indepth promotion of the initiative. Through the analytical methods of international political psychology, this paper will explore the causes and forms of the cognitive biases of ASEAN political elites, be expected to find helpful solutions, remove distractions and increase momentum for building a more closer ChinaASEAN community of shared future.

Keywords: ChinaASEAN community of shared future; Southeast Asian; regional cooperation; ASEAN political elites;cognitive biases; international political psychology

Record number:ICP(BJ)NO.13010271-6 Technical