The Abstracts of Vol.2.2022

Releasing Time:03.21.2022Source:亚非发展研究所英文

Status Quo of the U.S. Alliances and Coalition´s Military State against China

 Shi Yinhong

    At present and in the foreseeable future, the most important and volatile issue in world politics is the China-US strategic military rivalry, in other words, the strategic military confrontation and interaction between China and the US with its alliances and coalition. The US-Japan alliance has further strengthened preparations for war against China, especially in view of the situation over Taiwan. For the case of war between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait, Japan and the United States have upgraded joint preparations for massive armed intervention. The US and Japan have taken more comprehensive joint military action on the East China Sea and expanded the scope of cooperation. The Indo-Pacific Coalition of Quad has created a multidimensional, flexible and expandable framework led by US for preparation of war against China, which has become increasingly prominent. The Indo-Pacific coalition promotes its own expansion, striving to directly or indirectly include Britain and major EU countries that play an important role over China, and pushes its closing connection with NATO. With permission and even collaboration of South Korean government, military strength of ROK potentially targeting China begins to be developed. Strategic military confrontation alternating between partial cessation and high tension will become the “new normal” for the interaction between China and the United States.


Studies on the Implications of China´s Independent Foreign Policy of PeaceAnalysis from the Perspective of Diplomatic Layout

Liu Qian

    China is now promoting the independent foreign policy of peace (IFPP) in the new era by improving China´s diplomacy on all fronts. First of all, based on the internal and external situations “changing” and “unchanging”, the goals of the IFPP are designed to keep balance between world trends and China´s attributes, international identity of “the largest developing country” and the Chinese dream of “great national rejuvenation”. Secondly, based on different features with the different relation among countries, the strategies of the IFPP are focused on China´s core interests and others´ concerns, “Going-out”  strategic expansion and “Clear-up” cognitive biases. Finally, based on the normative changes inside and outside China, the protection mechanisms of the IFPP are reformed to match the requirements both domestic and international institutional development, and the situations between existing and emerging institutional competitions.


From Trump to Biden: the “Pan Internationalization” of the South China Sea Issue and its Impact

Cheng  Hanping

    US President Biden has been in power for more than a year, and the style and means of his ruling team on the South China Sea issue are becoming increasingly clear. On the basis of the Trump administration´s South China Sea policy, the internationalization of the South China Sea issue under Biden´s administration has taken many new forms, completely surpassing the traditional concept of “intervening in the territorial sovereignty dispute” and showing a trend of “Pan internationalization”. This move is intended to accurately and comprehensively encircle and squeeze China at sea and compete for the dominance of regional security order. These new forms of Pan internationalization include escalating military exercises with countries in the South China Sea, threatening more allies to come to the South China Sea to stir up the situation, and accurately taking measures to win over countries in the region. The pan internationalization of the South China Sea issue is having a significant geopolitical impact on ASEAN, especially on some South China Sea claimant countries, resulting in the situation and future trend of the South China Sea becoming more complex and unpredictable in the future.


Challenges of Sea Level Rise to International Law and National Practice: From the Perspective of International Law-Making

Chen Yitong

    Sea level rise caused by global warming creates physical geographic hazards and jeopardizes the baseline stability of coastal countries. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was developed without knowledge of climate science, creating a dilemma in its application to sea-level rise. International Law arose and developed based on the eternal constancy of the Holocene and the sufficient stability of the Earth system. As one of the prominent manifestations of earth system changes under the Anthropocene, sea level rise has seriously impacted the traditional rules of international law and affected the stability and certainty of international law. The inclusion of sea-level rise in consideration of the ILC has facilitated and developed the international law-making process. China should take the concept of maritime community with a shared future as its guiding ideology, participate deeply in the international law-making process to take the lead, and propose China´s solution to systematically address the challenges of sea-level rise to international law in the context of the Anthropocene.


Order Transformation in the Asia Pacific Region and China´s Role: Theoretical Debate, Strategic Choice and Future Prospects

 Zhao Guangrui

    The final form of order transformation in the Asia Pacific region depends on the competition of major powers, and the final degree of China´s development and the role China plays. China will play a more active and constructive role in all aspects of regional order, also should abide by some basic strategic bottom lines. Not seeking regional hegemony and not pursuing spheres of influence in neighborhood are the strategic cornerstone of China´s role in the Asia Pacific region. The role orientation of not seeking regional hegemony is mainly determined by China´s various endogenous factors. In the new era, China should reach a basic consensus with the United States on the stability and reform of the Asia Pacific order and enhance strategic mutual trust in regional cooperation. China should clearly define the concepts of not seeking hegemony, leading power and dominance, properly handle the relationship between strengthening “regional power” and not seeking regional hegemony, pay attention to and guide domestic public opinion on China´s role, and establish the concept of “China in the Asia Pacific” rather than “China´s Asia Pacific”


The Fourth Industrial Revolution and New Issues in Global GovernanceSummary of the International Relations Sub-forum of “Nanjing Forum 2021”

Yao Yuan and Fang Wenqing

    In today´s world, a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation is developing in depth, bringing new opportunities and new challenges to global governance. The School of International Studies of Nanjing University hosted the sub-forum of “The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Global Governance” of the “Nanjing Forum 2021”. The forum assessed the new trends in global governance from the perspectives of the technological revolution promoting the reform of global governance system, the competition for the dominance of global governance rules, and the impact of the technological revolution on the competition of great powers, and analyzed the new trend of Sino-U.S. strategic competition in science and technology from the perspectives of the new characteristics of the U.S. science and technology policy towards China, the new means of U.S. science and technology containment against China, and the new track of future Sino-U.S. competition. The forum also discussed important issues of global governance such as polar governance and nuclear governance, and put forward constructive suggestions on the new path of China´s participating in global governance. This forum closely focused on the significant impacts of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on global governance, and provided insights from multiple levels and perspectives, expanding the understanding of major issues and frontier areas of global governance.


The 30th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and South KoreaCurrent Status, Problems and Future   

Liang Yabin

    The year of 2022 marks the 30th anniversary of PRC-ROK diplomatic ties. Close economic ties have failed to address the underlying political mistrust between the two countries. Spurred by the THAAD incident, the ROK people´s favorable view of China has deteriorated sharply. In the context of intensified strategic competition between China and the United States, South Korea´s geopolitical importance as a middle power is particularly prominent. The United States has been strengthening military, intelligence and supply chain cooperation with South Korea, trying to bring it into a strategic alliance to contain and blockade China. South Korea is facing more and more serious strategic pressure to take side between China and the United States. The 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea is a key opportunity for the two countries to reshape their expectations. Strengthening stable and healthy future expectations is the key to changing South Korean attitude towards China. As one of the most important bilateral relations in Northeast Asia, China and South Korea need to continue to advance hand in hand and create future-oriented China-South Korea relations with a high sense of responsibility.

Record number:ICP(BJ)NO.13010271-6 Technical