The Abstracts of Vol.6.2021

Releasing Time:11.16.2021Source:亚非发展研究所英文

World Order, Sino-US Relations and China's Diplomacy—Some Reflections on Inter?national Relations Study in China
Jiang Shixue

    The great changes unseen in the past one hundred years have provided many opportunities and challenges for the implementation of China's major-power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. On the one hand, with its rising international status and growing overall national strength, China is now approaching towards the world's center stage; on the other, he gemonism and bullyism are on the rise, unilateralism and protectionism are regaining their strength, and Cold War mentality reappears, thus leading to volatility on the world stage. In contrast, China is advocating the construction of a community of shared future for mankind and supporting a world order based on multilateralism, the UN Charter, and the principle of win-win cooperation. Sino-US relations should be promoted with mutual respect of eachother's national interests. The style of China's foreign policy should be tantamount to its own national interests. China cannot drop off the ideal of“keeping a low profile”; at the same time, it is also necessary to“do something”, and even“strives to do more”. Chinese scholars need to offer more academic support for the nation's foreign policies.

Great Power Politics, Power Transfer, and US-China Risk Management

 [US] Robert S. Ross Wang Wei Translated and Compiled 

    The whole world is currently witnessing a great transformation, in which the United States and China complicate their interactions and need to stabilize their relations. Some few influential analysts erroneously believe that the United States and China will repeat the hisorical tragedies of the great powers. This sort of reasoning clearly underestimates the principles of rationality. The history can definitely enlighten people today, but it cannot determine the current situation. Serious social science analysis shall be immune to emotional cries and keep a distance with radical nationalism. Opinion leaders of both countries shall realize that the power transfer naturally carries risks and it is useless for the United States and China to blame each other. To wolk out a new path and create a new history, both sides need to communicate their differences and handle their disputes. To guide the world politics to the right direction, both sides need to rationally deal with foreign relations. If the United States and China follow the principles of rationality, preventing extreme nationalism from interfering with foreign policy, then they will not move toward confrontation.


PRC's Practice on International Law Policy: Maritime Security and the“Defensive Interpretation”of the Law of the Sea

Zhang Shiao 

    For achieving goals with national interests, states usually present policy-based featuresin the interpretation and application of international law, i. e.,“international law policies”.Regarding the provisions of the UNCLOS that involve national security interests, states alsopracticed the“law of the sea policy”with different interpretations and application. The basiclogic of PRC's“law of the sea policy”for a long period in the past was safeguarding national sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, and other security interests, which leads to“defensive interpretation”of the relevant rules of the law of the sea, expressing the core i?dea of“wider jurisdictional waters and stronger jurisdiction”. With the enrichment and evo?lution of the connotation of China's maritime interests, and the continuous development of China's defense forces, the“defensive interpretation”needs to be adjusted accordingly in the future, and the adjustment requires theoretical innovation with“Chinese wisdom”.


Construction Process of China's Sea Related Legal System and Global Ocean Governance
Wu Wei 

    Since the founding of PRC, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, China has carried out marine governance practice with Chinese characteristics in the formulation of policies and laws and the handling of sea related affairs in different historical stages in order to safeguard national territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests. By taking an active part in international ocean affairs, establishing and improving the national maritime legal system, properly handling maritime disputes with neighboring countries, safeguarding maritime rights and interests, strengthening the construction of maritime forces, committed to marine development and the development of marine science and technology, and promoting marine cooperation, China has contributed to the formation of a number of systems of the international law of the sea, contributed innovative experience to global ocean governance. Xi Jinping puts forward the idea of“Maritime community with a shared future”. The construction of“Maritime community with a shared future”has promoted China's construction of legal system. It has provided“Chinese wisdom for global marine governance andrules making.


Japan is Planning Military Intervention in the Taiwan Strait

Wu Huaizhong

    Since the beginning of 2021, Japan's intention of plotting military intervention in the Taiwan Straits has increased significantly. Japanese officials and political leaders have been issuing high-profile policy statements of intervention and sending strategic signals of deterrence to China. Japan and the U. S. are thought to discuss military intervention and prepare for the situation. At present, the motivation and purpose of Japan's intensified intervention lies in: strengthening geopolitical game, deterring“reunifying by force”, maintaining geoeconomic interests and promoting the Indo-Pacific strategy. Japan also intends to actively promote military deregulation in the process of intervention and build a self-defense force capable of war. In the future, how Japan responds to the Taiwan Strait conflict will largely depend on the evolution of the situation and its political decision. China must keep an eye on Japan's strategic moves, especially those by pro-Taiwan forces in the political arena, and accurately judge its real intention, policy boundaries and impact of Japanese officials on the issue of“military protection of Taiwan”, and need to make a good response on this basis.


Constructing a New Type of Regional Order in Northeast Asia: Progress and Prospect of the Cooperation among China, Japan and R. O. Korea

Jin Yiwen

    China, Japan and R. O. Korea are neighboring countries in Northeast Asia with their histories and cultures intermixed in the past. The three countries are geographically benefited in achieving the results of“1+1+1>3”. The trend of economic cooperation in Asia-Pacificregion  which developed gradually since 1960's and the process of cooperation in East Asia, provided opportunity of cooperation for the three countries. The vision of the leaders and the support from the societies of the three countries helped creating atmosphere of the triangular

cooperation. Because of the various complicated issues concerning national security in this region, the two realms of economic development and national security have been dominated by different logics, norms and mechanisms which formed special geopolitical phenomenon of this region. Whether or not economic cooperation would further develop into the realm of security cooperation so as to push Northeast Asia into a new type of regional order based on cooperation and win-win concept.This will be a question faced by the three countries in the processof future cooperation.


Beyond the Western Theoretical Disputes about Transboundary Water Resources:
TheConcept Innovation of the Lancang-Mekong Community with a Shared Future

 Zhang Yanwei 

    The western mainstream international relations theory has certain defects in the judgment of transboundary water resources issue. Realism regards water as a resource grabbed by state power and a tool of international political game. Water resources are made safe and water conflicts are intensified. Liberalism regulates water resources cooperation and interests through institutions, but its institutional design defects lead to hegemonic fantasy and ecological and water crisis. Constructivism holds that the social structure of the river basin constructs the concept, identity and interests of the coastal actors, emphasizes the political meaning of the interaction between the structure and the actors, attaches more importance to the concept than the material, ignores the role of the sovereign state, and is prone to fall into the confrontation of identity concepts. The vision of a Lancang-Mekong community with a shared future is based on a new global governance concept featuring extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits. It transcends the limitations of Western theories. It avoids zero-sum game and the tragedy of major powers through extensive consultation, escapes confrontation and hegemony illusion through joint contribution, and achieves win-win cooperation and a shared future through shared benefits.


Record number:ICP(BJ)NO.13010271-6 Technical