The Abstracts of Vol.4,2021

Releasing Time:07.16.2021Source:亚非发展研究所英文

From a  “Community with a Shared Future for Mankind” to “ Maritime Community

with a Shared Future”  —The Concept and Path of Promoting Global Ocean Gov-

ernance and Cooperation

Zhu Feng

    The concept of  “Maritime Community with a Shared Future” is a strategic idea to promote global ocean governance and cooperation in the 21st century. Since ancient times   the ocean has been vital for food and transportation   and its also a theater of geopolitical competition and conflict between countries. Today   the conservation of the global marine ecological environment and resources is a key area for human beings to achieve “ Green Economy”   avoidthe crisis of climate change and achieve sustainable development. The concept of “ Maritime Community with a Shared Future”  is closely related to the idea of a  “ Community with a Shared Future  for  Mankind ” .  It reflects  the  new  historical  and  theoretical  height  of Xi Jinpings diplomatic thoughts ,which aims at promoting inclusive multilateralism based on e- quality and mutual benefit. In order to enrich and expand the theory and practice of “ Maritime Community with a Shared Future”   we should promote maritime security cooperation between countries   global ocean governance and the Belt and Road development.


The Time Implication and the Mission of China in the Concept of a Maritime Commu-

nity with a Shared Future

 Wu Shicun

    The world is currently facing numerous issues in the maritime sector including environmentalpollution   over-exploitation of resources   geopolitical competition between countries   urgentrequirements for reformed rules and institutional systems and so on.  Therefore building a “ Maritime Community with a Shared Future” not only meets the needs of all mankind but al- so marks an inevitable trend in the evolution of the global order at sea. A “Maritime Commu- nity with a Shared Future” is an indispensable part of a “Human Community with a Shared Future” and embodies its extension and development in the marine field   and aims to answer“ how humans interact with the oceans” and “how humans can cooperate in the ocean” . It also exemplifies the Chinese idea of “harmony of nature and man” , the right approach to justice and the pursuit of interests   a new vision of “common   comprehensive   cooperative and sustainable”  security and the global governance philosophy of “ Consultation   Contribution and Shared Benefits” . China is a global power   a maritime power   a rising power   and a developing country.  These four identities as a whole determines its irreplaceable and pivotal role in advancing the construction of a Maritime Community with a Shared Future.


 The Maritime  Community  with  a  Shared  Future :  Chinas  Programme  in  Global Ocean Governance for a New Era 

 Liu Wei

    The concept of Maritime Community with a Shared Future is put forward based on an era background and thus with obvious characteristics.  It  contains the profound connotation of openness and inclusiveness   peace and tranquility   win - win cooperation and harmony between human and ocean. Conforming to the natural attributes of the ocean and inheriting the traditional Chinese culture   this concept is highly consistent with that of a Community of Shared Future  for  Mankind  and  the  trend  of  the  construction  of  maritime  power    thus becomes a part of strategic choice of the major country diplomacy of socialism with Chinese characteristics   and Chinas programme for deep participation in global ocean governance inthe new era. China is a coastal state with unfavorable geographical conditions , as well as confronts  with  traditional  issues  such  as  complicated  disputes  on  maritime  rights  and interests , the strategic pressure of the US and Western states , the lack of the power of legal- diplomatic discourse and the threat of new oceanic problems and situations. Internally , in or- der to construct the Maritime Community with a Shared Future , it should take Xi Jinping Thought on the rule of law and diplomacy and important speeches as guidance , and promote theoretical research and the construction of ocean rule of law system with Chinese characteris- tics from the domestic perspective. From the global perspective , China can lead the reshaping and improvement of international law of the sea through maritime diplomacy , as well as do a good job in the news publicity and public opinion guidance on the concept of the Maritime Community with a Shared Future , so as to create a stable and favorable international public opinion environment.


The Centenary Transformation of the Communist Party of Chinas Recognition of the


Ren Xiao

    The Communist Party of China ( CPC) s recognition of the world over the past century under-  went important fluctuations and changes. During a fairly long period of time , the CPC was guided and influenced by the Comintern and saw the existing epoch as one of “war and revo-  lution” . It held a heavy “world revolution” idea and at one time even self-identified as the “center of world revolution ” . After the initiation of reform and opening up , this started to change but was by no means easy.  Not until around  1985 did  “ peace and development ” viewpoint eventually become established. Thereafter , when had been tested by the two major crises in 1989 and 1999 respectively , “ peace and development” was seen as the epochal theme . Accordingly , taking a path of peaceful development also became Chinas national will.  When the relations between China and the world are entering a new stage , the CPCs percep-  tion of the world is epitomized by the Xi Jinping thought of foreign affairs , which is also a crystallization of collective wisdom. The evolution from world revolution to a “ Community of Shared Future for Mankind” fundamentally reflects the process of change of the CPCs recog-  nition of the world over the past century.


The Cross-century Exploration : Chinas International Strategic Outlook and Choice

Song Dexing

    As a great nation and rising power , Chinas international strategic outlook is based on the sit- uation at home and abroad in different historical periods , and on the national strategic plan- ning of the CPC and the Chinese government , at the same time influenced by Chinese lead- ers ’ international strategic thought and their practice of foreign policy. It embodies the dis- tinctive characteristics of the times and Chinese feeling , and constantly innovates and devel- ops at different times in history.  Chinas international strategic outlook influences Chinas basic strategic choices to a great extent. They interact with each other to keep pace with the times  in  the  process  of  safeguarding  Chinas  sovereignty ,  security ,  and  development interests , and ultimately shape the basic outlook of Chinas foreign policy in the new era. Based on the public speeches and official documents of Chinese leaders , combining with the strategic situation in different historical periods , this paper analyzes the evolution of Chinas international strategic outlook , explains its policy logic , and from the perspective of national grand strategy theory , it summarizes Chinas strategic choice and its characteristics of the times. Thus , it has important practical significance.

Observation  and  Thinking  on  the  International  Public  Goods  since  Covid - 19 Outbreak

Ren Kangyu

    With the continuous development of globalization   many public goods have become international public goods that transcend national boundaries. The COVID- 19 outbreak in 2020 hasput international public goods   especially vaccines   in the global spotlight. International public goods refer to the public goods provided on a global scale that can benefit people all over the world. The categories of international public goods are constantly increasing   and so are the demands , supply subjects , supply modes and supply sources. With the evolution of the world pattern   emerging countries have also become suppliers. However   the outbreak and continue of Covid - 19 had brought many shocks on various aspects of international public goods. Particularly   the shortage of vaccine is very serious. Therefore   it is very important to

figure out the new characteristics of IPG   to realize an equilibrium supply of vaccine and other IPGs and to enhance the supply efficiency. China   as a country which is very successful in containing the pandemic   has begun to actively undertake the responsibility  of supplying IPG. This paper is to review the major literatures in this field , then discuss the related ques- tions arising because of the pandemic. It will be a basis for further study on IPG and a theo- retical guide for China to supply IPG and build a human community of a shared future.



    Politicizing the Pandemic : U.  S. Pandemic Management under the Trump Adminis- tration

 Pu Jingxin

    The Trump administrations politicization of the pandemic   which puts politics above science political party interests above national interests   and international political struggle above international cooperation in fighting the pandemic   is the main reason why the pandemic in the United States is spiraling out of control. The Trump administrations politicization of the pan- demic has highlighted the widespread political opposition and social division in the United States. However    under  the  leadership  and  promotion  of Trump    the  United  States  has reached a high degree of consensus on its China policy   and being tough on China has become  “politically correct” and social consensus in the United States. Mankind is a communi- ty with a shared future. The differences in the experience of China and the United States in the battle of the pandemic show that only by abandoning the political mentality of zero -sum game and strengthening solidarity   cooperation and mutual assistance can we solve the new problems and challenges that mankind continues to face.


The Geopolitical  Thinking  of  United  States  China  Policy  and  Japans  Diplomatic


Lian Degui

    The confrontation between China and the United States may become the focal point of international relations in the 21st century. In this ongoing and possibly long -term confrontation it is also worth paying attention to how Japan , as a neighbor of China and an ally of the United States   will choose. It is of great significance to analyze the relations between China   the United States and Japan from the perspective of American policy toward China and Japans diplomatic choice   and to explore the characteristics of the relations among big powers reflected in them. The root of United States’ China policy is its thinking mode as a maritime country   which determines that the United States must form an alliance to contain the rise of China   and contain China in terms of maritime rights and ideology. Under the background of Sino -US confrontation   Japan strengthens its alliance with the United States in terms of security , and at the same time tries to safeguard Japans economic interests in Chinese market , thus making its China policy independent.

Record number:ICP(BJ)NO.13010271-6 Technical